The constitution of the United States of America states that each state should have a house of representatives and the house to have 150 members who are chosen through a poll to serve for two years each. To become a member of the house of representatives, you must be a United States citizen, become a registered voter in the state you are representing, must be aged 21 and over, must live in the state for at least two years before being elected, and must have lived in the district he or she is being elected from for at least a year before being on the ballot paper and also be a member of a political party. In the start of the regular sessions which occur for 5 months yearly, the elected members elect one member that will act as the presiding officer, that is, the speaker of the house of representatives. For 2 years, the speaker of the house of representatives will serve as the presiding officer of the House. There are a lot of functions the speaker of the house of representatives will need to perform while on his or her seat. The following article will explicitly explain the roles of the speaker of the house of representatives.
The speaker of the house of representatives is chosen to serve as the presiding officer of the House each time a new Regular session commenced and is chosen through casting a ballot by the other elected members of the House. The speaker of the house of representatives will maintain order during the debate sessions by recognizing those that wish to speak and give a ruling on the procedural matters. The Constitution requires the speaker of the house of representatives to sign all the bills and the joint petitions which have been passed by the legislature. When there will be a casting of ballots in the Legislature, the speaker of the house’s vote counts because he or she is a member of the house of representatives.
The speaker of the house of representatives will help in the conducting of the meetings of the House where he or she chairs these meetings. The speaker will also enforce the Rules of the House. If a seat in the House of Representatives is vacant due to some reason, the Speaker will declare it a vacant seat.
The appointments of a Parliamentary committee members are done by the Speaker. These duties are determined by the other members of the house and are adopted through a majority vote at the beginning of each legislative regular session. In summation, we have discussed the duties of the speaker of the house of representatives.